Related resources

Sampling, consent and access issues

Please email if you have any suggested additions.  See also the University of Lancaster Social Science Research Ethics website.

Calvey, D. (2008) The Art and Politics of Covert Research: Doing Situated Ethics in the Field. Sociology, 42, 5, 905-918.  

Crow, G., Wiles, R., Heath, S., and Charles, V. (2006) Research Ethics and Data Quality: The Implications of Informed Consent, International Journal of Social Research Methodology,9:2,83 — 95.

Elwyn, G., Seagrove, A., Thorne, K., and Cheung, W.Y. (2005) Ethics and research governance in a multicentre study: add 150 days to your study protocol. British Medical Journal, 330: 847.

Hewison, J., and Haines, A. (2006) Overcoming barriers to recruitment in health research.  British Medical Journal, 333:300-302 (5 August).

Junghans, C., Feder, G., Hemingway, H., Timmis, A. and Jones, M. (2005) Recruiting patients to medical research: double blind randomised trial of opt-in versus opt-out strategies.  British Medical Journal, 331,940. 

Kiezebrink, K., Crombie, I.K., Irvine, L., Swanson, V., Power, K., Wrieden, W.L., and Slane, P.W. (2009) Strategies for achieving a high response rate in a home interview survey.  BMC Medical Research Methodology, 9, 46.

McDonach, E., Barbour, R. S. and Williams, B. (2009) Reflections on applying for NHS ethical approval and governance in a climate of rapid change: prioritising process over principles, International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 12: 3, 227- 241.

Munro, E. (2008) Research Governance, Ethics and Access: A Case Study Illustrating the New Challenges Facing Social Researchers. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 11(5),429-439. 

McCrystal, P. (2008) Researching children and young people living in residential state care: Hurdles on the path to consent.  Research Ethics Review, 4, 3, 89-94.

Wiles, R., Heath, S., Crow, G., and Charles, V. (2005) Informed Consent in Social Research: A Literature Review. NCRM Methods Review Papers NCRM/001.  

Williams, B., Irvine, L., McGinnis, A.R., McMurdo, M.E.T. (2007) When no might not quite mean no; the importance of informed and meaningful non-consent:  results from a survey of individuals refusing participation in a health-related research project. BMC Health Services Research, 7:59.